Our Kickstarter Campaign: Click here!


Adverbs


DEFINITION

An adverb is a word that modifies an action verb, an adjective or another adverb. Most adverbs end in “-ly” which makes them easy to spot.

Examples

Adverb modifying an action verb

The surgeon carefully removed the sutures from his patient.

Carefully is an adverb that modifies the action verb to remove.

Adverb modifying an adjective

Jim was extremely positive about the initial results.

Extremely is an adverb that modifies the adjective positive.

Adverb modifying another adverb

We should get the results very quickly.

Very is an adverb that modifies the adverb quickly.

CLASSIFICATIONS

Relative adverbs introduce a group of words, questions, and dependent (or relative) clauses. They describe more about a noun and can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus a preposition.

The three main relative adverbs are: when, where, why

The relative adverb where means “in which” or “at which” and is used to refer to a place.

This is the park in which I jog every day.” (relative pronoun plus preposition)
This is the park where I jog every day. (relative adverb where)

The relative adverb when means “in which” or “at which” and is used to refer to a time expression.

Early afternoon is the time in which I run errands. (relative pronoun plus preposition)
Early afternoon is the time when I run errands. (relative adverb when)

The relative adverb why means “for which” and is used to refer to a reason.

The boss wants to know the reason for which John isn’t at work today. (relative pronoun plus preposition)
The boss wants to know the reason why John isn’t at work today. (relative adverb why)

Adverbs of frequency describe how often something occurs, either in definite or indefinite terms.

The adverbs of frequency are: always, frequently, generally, hardly ever, never, normally, occasionally, often, rarely, seldom, sometimes, usually

I always brush my teeth before going to bed.
We occasionally go fishing on the weekend.
The company seldom replies to their customers in a timely fashion.
I usually go for a walk in the late afternoon.

NOTE: In general, adverbs of frequency come before the verb. The exception to this is with the verb “to be,” and its various forms, where the adverb of frequency comes after the verb. The forms of “to be” include am, are, be, been, being, is, was, and were.

Andy is always late with his payments.
We are generally in agreement with the terms you have presented.
I am never coming here again!


Tags: ,

 
 
 

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.