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Interjections


DEFINITION

Interjections are words used to express and emphasize emotions. They are usually found in narrative writing, interviews, and in spoken English. Interjections are colloquial expressions and should not be used in formal or academic writing.

The following is a list of common interjections:

A: absolutely, achoo, ack, ahh, aha, ahem, ahoy, agreed, alas, alright, alrighty alack, amen, anytime, argh, anyhoo, anyhow, as if, attaboy, attagirl, aww, awesome, awful
B: bam, bah humbug, bazinga, behold, bingo, blah, blech, bless you, boo, boom, boo-yah, bravo, brrr, by golly, by gum
C: cheers, congratulations, cool, crud
D: dang, darn, doh, drat, drats, duh
E: eek, eh, encore, eureka, eww
F: fiddlesticks
G: gadzooks, gak, gee, geepers, geez, gee whiz, gol, golly, goodbye, goodness, good grief, gosh, gracious, groovy
H: ha, ha-ha, hallelujah, hello, hey, hi, hmm, holy buckets, holy cow, holy macaroni, holy smokes, hooray, hot coffee, hot dog, huh?, humph, hurray
I: indeed
J: jeez
L: lol
M: my god, my gosh, (my, my, my)
N: no, now, nah
O: oh, oh dear, oh no, oh my, (oh, snap), oh well, omg, oops, ouch, ow, oy
P: phew, phooey, please, pooh, pow
R: rats
S: shh, shoo, shoot, shucks, sweet, suck it
T: thanks, there, tut-tut
U: uh-huh, ugh, uh-oh
W: waa, wahoo, well, whammo, what, whew, whoa, whoops, wow, wtf
Y: yahoo, yay, yeah, yes, yikes, yippee, yo, yowza, yuck, yum

Interjection punctuation: Depending on the mood of the interjection, they are followed by either a comma (,) or exclamation point (!). Mild interjections are followed by a comma and strong interjections are punctuated with an exclamation point.

Oh no, I am going to be late for the party.

Generally, a party is a casual social event and not such an important destination. Therefore, the person making this statement will sound less urgent than the next example.

Oh no! I am going to be late for my work presentation.

Work, unlike a party, is generally considered a very important destination, especially if you are giving a presentation! Being late can have severe consequences. Here, the speaker will have a greater sense of urgency, thus the interjection is punctuated with an exclamation point.


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