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Prepositions are words that, like conjunctions, connect a noun or pronoun to another word in a sentence. They modify nouns or pronouns to indicate their location in the physical world, the specific time of action or existence, and circumstance.
Examples of some common prepositions:
A: about, above, according to, across, after, against, along, along with, among, apart from, around, as, as for, at
B: because of, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, by, by means of
D: despite, down, during
E: except, except for, excepting
F: for, from
I: in, in addition to, in back of, in case of, in front of, in place of, inside, in spite of, instead of, into
N: near, next
O: of, off, on, onto, on top of, out, out of, outside, over
R: regarding, round
T: through, throughout, till, to, toward
U: under, underneath, unlike, until, up, upon, up to
W: with, within, without
Please empty the trash in the garbage can.
In this case, the preposition “in” indicates the physical location (garbage can) of the trash that needs to be emptied.
To cool down, Jim decided to jump into the pool.
In this case, the preposition “into” indicates the direction and location where Jim is going (the pool) to cool off.
During the American Civil War, many lives were lost.
In this sentence, the preposition “during” indicates the specific period (American Civil War) when many lives were lost.
Since John broke up with his toxic girlfriend, he seems much happier.
In this case, the preposition “since” indicates the point in time when John started feeling happier.
Without knowledge, most of us would be lost in this world.
In this example, the preposition “without” modifies “knowledge” and indicates a circumstance that would cause us to be lost in this world.